Cervical spine surgery is generally performed on an elective basis to treat either:
Nerve/spinal cord impingement
Spinal instability (fusion surgery)
Usually these two procedures are combined, as a decompression may de-stabilize the spine and create the need for a fusion to add stability. A small plate is used to stabilize the vertebral column.
How a surgeon approaches the Cervical Spine Surgery
The cervical spine can either be approached from the front (anterior approach) or from the back (posterior approach). Most surgeons favour the Anterior Approach.
The anterior approach is the most preferred as it has the minimal impact on the musculature and also helps retain the shape of the spine intact. Many degenerative diseases lead to loss of lordosis (gentle curvature of the spine), However, with the anterior approach Normal Lordosis is retained or re-established.
Whatever be the approach, the most important part of the cervical / neck or spine surgery is the accessibility of the latest equipment that technology has to offer and surgeons who have honed the skill of corrective surgeries and have a bank of knowledge and experience. At Navaladi Endo Spine Care, there is a confluence of both.