Wouldn’t it be great if there is little to no pain, muscles and tissues remain intact for the large part, there is no requirement for hospitalisation and the recovery period is not much? Well all that is made possible by minimally invasive surgery. The key factor of minimally invasive discectomy is that all of this is possible.
The human spine is protected by the vertebral column which offers protection against damage to the spinal column, and helps regulate the posture and integrity of the spinal column too.
The vertebrae is composed of discs which act as cushions and also aid in the flexion of the vertebral column. These discs have a rough outer layer called the annulus and a gelatinous inner layer. When the annulus ruptures or gets worn, the gelatinous inner may protrude into the spinal column and make contact with the spine or the nerve roots in the area. This would lead to pain and or paralysis, among other side effects.
The surgical procedure to help correct this anomaly and bring about normalcy by easing pain and relieving the pressure on the nerves, is discectomy. The entire procedure is performed with the help of needle like insertions through which light source and an Endoscopic camera are sent inside to work on the problem and rectify it. Since this is minimally invasive and relies on optical equipment in the form of endoscope, this is minimally invasive Endoscopic Discectomy.