What is it that surgeons ask for in an advanced procedure the most? Well, it would be the ability to access the area of surgery in the most easiest manner possible. Minimally invasive surgery itself is a huge blessing as the points of entry are mere pinholes, and this is a boon for the surgeon as there is minimal chances for complexity due to surgical tears, and infection. In this manner, Endoscopic Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure that helps the surgeon reach the target area with the minimum of complexity, and the maximum rate of success.
The intervertebral foramina is crucial in safeguarding the spine, it is the passage through which the spine passes, and it is important that the spine is unfettered. With advancement of age there is the occurrence of stenosis, which in some cases narrows the foramina to a point where the spine is pressured and the nerve roots get adversely stimulated.
The minimally invasive procedure of endoscopic foraminotomy aims to target the foramina and reduce the encroachment by scraping away the portion of the vertebrae which will release the pressure on the spinal column or the nerve root. The surgeon makes entry through a keyhole incision, and the guide wire fixes the vertebrae that has to be operated upon, through the guidance of the endoscopic camera and a light source. When the procedure is finished the instruments are retracted and the operated area is completely scar free and there is no scope for infection of any sort.
The main comorbidities that lead up to spinal stenosis are usually herniated or prolapsed discs, bulging discs, facet joint syndrome and also injury and spondylitis. There are discs that separate the vertebrae and these discs wear and in some cases rupture leading to prolapse and intrusion into the foramina. The effects of such reduction in foramina and the subsequent contact with the blood vessels and the nerve endings result in debilitating pain and also paralysis.