The average human body has twelve thoracic vertebrae. These vertebrae are the key in maintaining the integrity and support of the rib cage. The twelve thoracic vertebrae have the relatively more flexible cervical vertebrae on top and the relatively more impact bearing lumbar vertebrae below.
The main factor of the vertebral column are the amazing discs that separate every individual vertebra from one another and at the same time provide the single point of cohesion and range of flexion for the vertebral column in general. These discs are a brilliant component of evolution and at the same time they are the most susceptible to damage due to injury old ageing. These discs have fibrous outer rings that are tough yet malleable and protect the gel like inner substance from getting squeezed out. The vertebra on top of the disc does not make contact with the below, thanks to this disc.
With ageing and in many cases injury, the annulus may be ruptured, and the inner gel may seep out into the spinal canal. The spinal cord relays the signal from the nerve root to the brain and has to be in suspension, for it to function perfectly. There can be no chemical or physical intrusion, and if there is any, then the entire mechanism falls apart. The result is debilitating, in terms of severe pain or paralysis. The annulus tear may happen as a result of ageing, and the disc may get compressed to the point of rupture due to age related distortions of the vertebra. The discs may even prolapse into the spinal column. There is not a lot of space inside vertebral column and any prolapse or seepage will definitely have a high probability of contact. In many cases the gel like interior of the disc may seep into the spinal column and come into contact with the spine, altering the chemical composition and this will cause paralysis of the extremities.
In addition to the events of herniation or prolapse, ageing could also see the build up of fatty tissue in the spinal column, which will apply pressure on the nerve roots or the blood vessels. Deformities in the spine can also be the reason for prolapse and pressure on the nerves or the blood vessels.
There are several symptoms of spinal distress, herniated discs and prolapsed discs. Radiating pains down the arms and chest are common symptoms. Numbness of the fingertips are also another symptom.
There are now several procedures for Thoracic Spine Surgery. There is Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery where the surgeon operates on the affected thoracic disc using a robot and remote control. There is the conventional endoscopic thoracic surgery where an endoscope is used by the surgeon to accurately watch and correct the affected discs.
At Navaladi Endo Spine Care the best technologies meet decades of experience to give the best treatment in case of Thoracic Spine issues.